Iron deficiency anaemia is the most common type of anaemia which leads to a reduction in number of red blood cells and haemoglobin which is responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood and tissue cells.
Causes of iron deficiency anaemia
The possible causes of iron deficiency anaemia are
- Inadequate iron intake as a result of poor diet for example vegetarian diet with insufficient heme iron.
- Inadequate absorption as a result of diarrhoea, drug reaction and gastritis.
- Increased iron requirement during childhood, pregnancy and lactation.
- Increased excretion as a result of blood loss due to injury, haemorrhoids, ulcers or parasites.
Symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia
Anaemia occurs as a result of long term iron deficiency, the symptoms generally represent the malfunction of various body functions. Most common symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia are:
- Decrease work performance and exercise tolerance.
- Lack of appetite
- Pica ( persistent…
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